The protective nature of municipalities like Caledonia or Brantford may have some believing that it’s pride or love for the land. But that appears to be the furthest thing from the truth.
Municipal employees such as Mayors, Councillors and even Municipal police contribute to the Ontario Municiple Employee Retirement fund. They are banking on their investor’s choices to keep them comfortable in their golden years.
The drive for development becomes much clearer when we understand that municipalities and municipal organizations directly benefit from these strategies. While simultaneously laying claim to land through squatters’ rights.
“Toronto-based Teranet, which has exclusive rights to offer electronic land registration services in Ontario and Manitoba, collects a fee every time a home in Canada’s most populous province and its Western neighbour changes hands or is registered.”
A request for provincial aid to renovate the Sour Springs Community Hall has been turned down by the community programs branch of the Ontario government.
In a letter to Oliver Smith, principal of No. 8 School on the Six Nations Indian Reserve, G. R. Bagg, assistant director of the branch, said grants are only available to organized municipalities or school boards. The Six Nations band cannot be considered an organized municipality, he said.
Mr. Smith said that, in view of this, it seems peculiar that all three candidates for the January byelection spent considerable time on the reserve soliciting Indian votes.
He said also that conservation officials turned down a request to restock the reserve area with birds and fish.
The 6,000 Indians who have their homes in the Grand River Country are sitting on a volcano.
And it is one which could explode without warning.
Behind what some outsiders regard as the incredible happenings of the last two days on the Six Nations Reserve, 25 miles from Hamilton, a dangerous situation is smouldering.
This is recognized by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, who are waiting for “a tribal showdown” at any time between the elective and hereditary councils.
It could, said Inspector H.C. Forbes, result in mob violence.
“IT’S OUR JOB to see that this doesn’t happen,” declared the officer commanding the London subdivision, who has moved on to the reservation to take personal charge of the Ohsweken detachment.
If and when such a fracas did come, armed Mounties would probably have to act as “referees”.
So far it has been a bloodless revolution. Some 1,000 supporters of the Confederacy, ignoring RCMP warnings that they were breaking the law, tore down the doors of the council house and reinstalled the hereditary chiefs in power.
BUT the elected councillors, who slipped out of a back door 10 minutes before the building was broken into, have the support of hundreds of Indians who favor the democratic system of internal government introduced in 1924.
This faction has so far voiced no protest. To the Mounties, it is an ominous silence.
It is believed that the elective system’s supporters – of which there are at least 700 – may soon hold a mass meeting to indicate their rejection of the hereditary council.
If the two groups clashed, it is hard to predict what would happen, observers say.
IN THE MEANTIME, the RCMP will continue to recognize the elected council as the legal governing body on the reservation.
But the Confederacy has proclaimed itself the territory’s “only government.”
For the hereditary chiefs are seriously applying every word of their proclamation of independence, which outlawed the RCMP as the law enforcement agency at Ohsweken.
Supported by at least 1,000 men, women and children – and maybe more – the Confederacy is showing disregard for Canada and its laws.
“If one of our people should break the law, we will arrest and try him,” said 26-year-old Irvin Logan, who has been named “Chief of the Iroquois Police.”
IT WAS YOUNG MEN such as Irvine Logan who were responsible for the overthrow of the elective system.
Several hundred of these “warriors” suddenly gave active support to the 50 old hereditary chiefs, who had been plotting to regain power for 35 years – and the revolution was accomplished.
The 80 men and women in the Iroquois Police Force are identified by black-and-white IP armbands, and each has been issued with a “deputy’s warrant.”
Their first arrest was that of two visiting Indians from Buffalo who had been involved in an auto accident.
FOLLOWING a brief imprisonment in the cellar of the council house and trial by the chiefs, the Indians were freed on condition that they paid all damages.
So far as the Iroquois Police are concerned, the two Indians have been punished for their “crime”. They are considered outside the white man’s justice.
Nevertheless, the RCMP have investigated the accident.
Word reached the RCMP that the Confederacy was planning to open a safe, containing documents and several hundred dollars, in the council house.
MOUNTIES MOVED in on the building to warn the chiefs that such a move was illegal, but their way was barred by Iroquois Police.
“THE MOUNTIES wouldn’t dare touch any of our people,” declared Irvin Logan. “Just let them try…”
Before 1924, the Indians had their own police force. Now, they maintain, they have it again.
“Police Chief” Logan said that the law would be carried out in the traditional manner of his people. All offenders would by tried by the council of chiefs, who would impose fines of imprisonment.
BUT, in accordance with a time-honored agreement, any Indians committing the crimes of murder, rape, theft or forgery would be handed over to the RCMP for trial by a white man’s court.
“The sooner the Mounties leave this reservation the better,” declared Irvine Logan. “They are trespassers here, and they are not wanted.”
A long time ago when the Creator placed us upon Mother Earth, each family was asked to go out of the village and tell about the animal they have witnessed. When they reported what they saw, that became the “clan” of your family.
The women who are our life-givers were given the important responsibility of carrying on the clans and the citizenship of the Haudenosaunee. At Onondaga, there are nine “clans” which are; wolf, turtle, beaver, snipe, heron, deer, eel, bear, and hawk. Only an Onondaga woman can provide Onondaga children. Only an Onondaga woman of the turtle clan can provide Onondaga turtle clan children, etc. Therefore, children are very proud of their clans as it automatically gives them a link to their female ancestors back to the beginning of our people.
The clan system lives throughout the Haudenosaunee. People of your clan but of different nations are still considered to be part of your family. This is important when you travel through the different nations of the Haudenosaunee. You know that there are people willing to welcome you to their lands as being part of their family.
The role of clans also plays a part in marriage. When a young person looks to marry, they look to individuals from other clans. Even if you are not of “blood relations’ ‘, they are a part of your clan family. Since clan members no longer all live in one longhouse, mothers, grandmothers, and aunts watch to make sure that it’s a good match.
Our clan system is also important in our way of life. When you are in need of help in tough times such as sickness or death, it is the duty of the members of the other clans to help. The Creator gave us this method of helping each other to make sure that we care for one another to make us strong which has helped us survive as a people for countless centuries. We look to our relations in the other clans for help.
This post can be found on the Onondaga Nation website.
(Originally printed in The Brantford Expositor in 1959)
OTTAWA (CP) – A federal vote for the Indian without any strings attached was urged Tuesday before the joint Commons-Senate committee studying Indian affairs.
Edward P. Garlow, elected chief councillor of the Six Nations Council near Brantford, said Christopher Columbus found the Indian in North America when he arrived. Yet the Indian today had to waive treaty rights if he wanted to vote federally while immigrants could obtain a vote after a short time.
Chief Garlow said he refrained from voting provincially – as Indians are allowed to do in Ontario – because he was afraid he would jeopardize his standing as an Indian.
“I’d be tickled to death to vote federally,” he said amid committee applause. “We want to play our part.”
Raise Several Points
The voting question – Indians in the Yukon and Northwest Territories are allowed to vote without strings – was among a number raised by Chief Garlow and Councillor Fred Hill.
One concern voiced was that members of the Six Nations tribe who decide to leave the reservation become eligible for payment of a sum of money as their share of tribal monies held in trust.
But the fund would go broke if this kept up at the pace of $2,000 or $3,000 a year. One problem was that an Indian girl could leave the reservation, collect her money, marry a Six Nations Indian and become eligible for another slice of the fund.
They also complained that a CNR spur line is being built on their land without permission. Indian affairs officials said they will check this.
While Citizenship Minister Fairclough listened attentively, the two spokesmen also complained that the Indian Act fairly bristles with phrases indicating wide-scale powers are held by the minister.
“We know you wouldn’t do anything to us,” Councillor Hill said to Mrs. Fairclough with a big grin. “But we’re guarding against someone else who wouldn’t be as good as you are.”
Mrs. Fairclough said she thought it probably was a matter of legal terminology customary in statutes that is to blame.
The committee will hear different – perhaps opposite – aspects of Six Nations thinking today when delegates of the hereditary chiefs from here offer their opinions.
It will be the first open contact between the chiefs of the Six Nations Confederacy and federal authorities since the chiefs sparked open revolt and claimed the reservation as a separate country in March.
The revolt was put down by Royal Canadian Mounted Police.
While the confederacy modified its “separate country” argument in the dying moments of its uprising, it is not expected to claim much less.
Confederacy Secretary Arthur Anderson Sr. and Assistant Secretary William Smith are the delegates.